Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Habbarid Dynasty introduced Coins with Arabic Script

Habbarid Dynasty(Amirs of Sind)
‘Abd al Rahman
c. 950 AD
AR Damma
Arabic script
Arabic script
Album 1494
0.8 gms
10.4 mm
Habbarid (Amirs of Sind)
The Habbarids ruled in Sind from the 9th century to the 11th. Sind is in the north-west of the Indian sub-continent and today is part of Pakistan. It represents the greatest extent of the initial Arab expansion into the Indian sub-continent.http://www.forumancientcoins.com/historia/coins/j1/j315.htm

Arrival and Rule (856-1026 CE) of Of Habbari Arab in Sindh

Habbari dynasty ruled Sindh from 841 to 1024 C.E. Sindh was a province of Abbasid Caliphate. During the stuggle of dominance of Islamic world betwen Abassid and Fatimid Caliphate, Sindh became semi-independent under Arab ruler Aziz al-Habbari in 841 CE, though nominally remaining part of Abbasid Caliphate [1] [2] [3] The Hubbari ruled Sindh, Makran, Turan, Khuzdar and Multan from their capital city of Mansura. In 854 CE Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil appointed Aziz al-Habbari governor of Sindh. Aziz al-Habbari was followed by his son Umar al-Habbari I. His son Abdullah al-Habbari succeded him and his grandson,Umar al-Habbari II was ruling when famous Arab historian Al-Masudi visited Sindh. Habbari dynasty ruled Sindh until 1024 (Khafif al-Habbari, last ruler of the Habbari dynasty).

News and Updates

Wedding of Pirzadas,
*Mazhar, Behram Shah, Mubassar Munir Shah and Muddassar Feroze Shah Insha Allah on 25th & 26th July,2009.

Silsala- E -Tarikat

Since the Piran E Pail are descendents of Hazrat Ba Ud din Zakkariyya- a disciple of Hazrat Shahab Ud Din Soharwardi,Baghdadi*, they follow Soharwardia,and from Fiqah school view point they are followers of Imam Abu Hanifah.
One of the able son of this family Late Pir Karam Shah El Azhari ,of Bhera Sharif,had been instrumental in promoting the Hanafi Fiqah through his teachings and writings.He authored volumes of Tafseer E Quran(Zia ul Quran) and Seerah Paak (way of Prohhet Mohammad PBUH)-Zia Un Nabi.
*Sheikh Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Suhrawardi son of Abu Najib, was born in Suhraward and died in Baghdad.

Monday, July 20, 2009

The Location

The village Pail-Piran is located off the Islamabad-Lahore Speed Way(Motor Way).From the Kalar Klahar- a scenic resort, interchange one o takes turn to Khushab- Sargodha road.
A 30- 45 minutes drive will take you to a the gate way of Soon Valley,as district Chakwal ends and the the District khushab starts.After crossing villages: Munnarah(Chakwal) and Padhrar(Khushab), and before you start climbing Katha Sagral(khushab) heights,on your left you will see a Mouselium(Mazar) of Hazrat Pir Khawja Noori on hilly terrain,and here you reach the villsage Pail-Piran.
The 2nd route is via Talagang(Chakwal).From Talagang as you proceed to Khushab-Sargodha you will come acroos Pail-Piran crossing,ahead of village Jabah, before you climb Katha Sagral heights.
Pail-Piran is itself a sub valley and is part of the salt range tract.Its relatively cooler place and has a very scenic look.
Before you enter the town ,a kilo meter before it is the family graveyard of Hashmite sadaats of Pail-Piran- Moqqam, in a compound wall setting,with Mazar of Pir Sahib Accha(Pir Haccha) inside.

Historical Perspective of Pail-Piran

One of the grand grandsons of Hazrat Bahaud Din Zakariyya(Also known as Pir Bahawal Ul Haq) Multani,namely Pir Ali Qatal got setllled at a place Pail-Ghazi,which is now known after the name of that great saint(wali ullah) as Pail-Piran.
As was the case with most of the subcontinent then,the area was inhabited with non-muslims mainly Rajgans,who later embraced Islam at the hands of his son Pir Khawja Noori.
Pir Ali Qatal according to some sources went back to Multan and is burried there.One of his sons Pir Mohammad Hussain got settled in Karuli -Piran district Chakwal.
Detailed account of the ancestory of Hazrat Bahaud Din Zakkariya can be found in books like "Anwar e Ghousia" written by one of Sahib E Sajjadah of DarGahe Baha ud Din Zakkariyya and also in Tazkara E Baha uddin Zakkariyya written by Maulna Noor Ahmad Afridi and published by Ulema Academy,Government of Punjab.
History of Hashmite Sadaat of Pail-Piran can be traced back to Habbari rule in Sindh(arrival of Habbarids in Sindh)-Habbari: the descendents of Habbar bin Asad
The Hashmite Saadat of Makkah,who ruled El Jabal in Ummaid(Ummayah) regime came to the subcontinent through El Khawarzum, and established 1st Muslim capital in the subcontinent-Mansoora( AD Mansura)*, near Shehzadkot Sindh.
They ruled El Khawarzum as Salaateen for many generations and then ruled from Mansoora again for geneartions. In 856 AD Habbarid rule in Sind founded by Arab Abbasid Governor Umar bin Abdul Aziz Habbar[856-886], a fifth descendant from Habbar bin Al Aswad, a Quraish from the family of Syedah Khadija (R A) -the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Umar Habbar and his father were born in Sind.(source:History of Muslim religion( http://www.rbcapricorn.com/umarkhan/Islam_)
Hazrat Baha Ud Din was born to Hazrat Shah Wajih Ud Din Mohammad Ghous and his spirtual leader was Hazrat Shahab Ud Din Soharwardi.He visted Baghdad and was given 'Khilafat' by Hazrat Shahbudin Soharwardi.He and his successors ruled Multan as Walees(Governors) for generations.Among his descendents were sons: Hazrat Sadarudin Arif Billah(grandfather of Pir Khawja Noori of Pail-Piran) and grandson Harat Shah Rukan E Alam.
Pir of Bhera Sharif and Pirs of Khara are descendents of yet another grandson of Hazrat Sadar Ud Din arif Billah.
*A number of Arab tribes of Quraish, Kalb, Tameem, Saqeef, Harris, Ael-e-Utba, Aal-e-Jareema and Asad, and several prominent families of Yemen and Hejaz had settled in Sind. Masudi (915 A.D. - 302 A.H.) writes that he met many descendants of Hazrat Ali in Mansura who were in the line of Omar bin Ali and Mohammad Bin Ali(source:The people and the land of Sindh)