Thursday, January 15, 2009

Pir families of Pail-Piran

There are 3 main families of Hashmite Sadaat of Pail-Piran, all are descendents of Pir Khawja Noori- namely Fateh Shah-aal(Fatehshhaal), Daim Shah-aal(Daimshahhaal) and Kalay Shah-aal(Kalayal) with two sub families namely Sharaf Shah-aal(Sharafshhaal) and Sonay Shah-aal(Sonayshahhaal) who are closely related to the last two main families.
Some of Pir families of Pail-Piran have moved to places like Karuli-Piran,Thoha Bahadur,Pir Khanwaal etc in Chakwal district.While Pirs of Bhera Sharif (district Sargodha) and Pir Da Khara(district Chakwal) are closely related to these families.

Pirs of Pail-Piran are the decendents of Baha Ud Din Zakkariyya

Baha-ud-din Zakariya

Baha-ud-din Zakariya's Mausoleum in Multan

Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya (Persian: بہاؤ الدین زکریا) was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was Al-Sheikh Al-Kabir Sheikh-ul-Islam Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria Al-Qureshi Al-Asadi Al Hashmi.

Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya known as Bahawal Haq was born at Kot Kehror, a town of Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, , around 1170.

His grand father Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi al Hashmi arrived Multan from Makkah en route to Khwarizm where he stayed for a short while. He was from the descendents of Asad Ibn Hashim the maternal grandfather of Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib RA.

Arrival of Habbarids(the descendents of Habbar bin Asad in Sindh):

In Tariqat he was the disciple of Renowned Sufi Master Shaikh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqaah in Baghdaad.

For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings Bahawal Haq settled in Multan in 1222.



His Shrine

Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya died in 1267 and his mausoleum is located at Multan. The of mausoleum is a square of 51 feet 9 inches, measured internally. Above this is an octagon, about half the height of the square, which is surmounted by a hemispherical dome. The Mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the siege of 1848 by the British, but was soon afterwards restored by the Muslims.


Descendents of Hazrat Baha ud Din Zakkariyya are spread across Pakistan,and among them are Pirs of Pail-Piran(district Khushab),where descendents of one of his grandsons(Pir Ali Qatal) are settled,Bhera Sharif(district Sargodha),Pir da Khara & Karuli Piran(district Jhelum). Bahauddin Zakariya Multani was a Asadi Hashmi ( Descendent of Asad ibn Hashim) and he is truly called as Quraishi Asadi Hashmi.

External links

Pail-Piran on the Khusab.blogspot

Tuesday, January 29, 2008



The Villages of Khushab tehsil are are Anga, Balwal, Bansi, Bola, Daiwal(the hub of the Sanghas), Dhak, Girot, Hadali, Hassan Pur Tiwana (Hamoka), Jaba, Jalalpur Syedan Hamdania, Khabeki, Khatha, Khhotakka, Kufri, Kund, Mardwal, Mitha Tiwana, Mohib-Pur, Nali Nari, Nowshera, Padhrar, Pail-Piran, Parachagan, Rakh Rajar, Roda and Sabral

Villages in Noor Pur Thal Tehsil are: Adhi Kot, Adhi Sargil, Bambool, Billand, Boranawala, Chan, Dhamak, Jamali Balochan, Jara, Jatooi, Jharkil Kalwal, Katimar, Khai Majoka, Maiken, Mehmood Shaheed, Nawan Saggu, Nikro Shaheed, Noor Pur, Obhal, Palowan Pelovanis, Rahdari, Rangpur Baghoor, Shah Hussain, Shahwala and Sidha.

Villages in Quaidabad Tehsil are 14MB, Bandiyal, Choa, Goleywali, Gunjayal Jabbi Sharif (the main Village of Daman Mohar), Majoka, Mitha Kho, Namewali, Okhali Mohla and Warchcha

Pail-Piran on the Map of District Khushab,Punjab,Pakistan

Map of Khushab

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Khushab District is an important district located in Punjab, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census, the population was 9,05,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas. The district consists of 3 tehsils: Khushab, Nurpur, and Quaidabad, as well as a sub-tehsil Noshehra.

General Information
Calling Code
Time zone
No. of Towns
No. of Union Councils
51 (Khushab 33, NoorPur 10, Quaidabad 8)

Geographically this is quite unique district of Pakistan which has mountains, deserts, lush green harvesting land, lakes and river. SOON valley is one of the most beautiful hill stations of Pakistan. This district is quite rich in natural resources (salt & coal) etc.. People are very hardworking and most of them are associated with farming and agriculture. Khushab is also known for its delicious sweets specially DHODA and PATEESA. Name of this city "Khushab" was given by King Shar Shah Surry on arrival in area. Khushab means "Metha Pani" or Pure Water.

Jauharabad (District Khushab) is beautiful city for residence havind wide roads and streets. Education rate is increasing in Khushab District. Top Schools and colleges include Fauji Foundation Khushab, DPS Khushab & The educators Jauharabad. Now there is a campus of Arid University in Khushab.

Neighbour cities are Sargodha,Mianwali,Bhakher,Jhelum and Jhang. The soon valley sakasir is one of the beautiful area of District Khushab. There is three beautiful lakes(Ochali, Khabbaki, Sodhi Jay Wali) and a beautiful Garden called Kanhatti Garden near Khabbaki village. Here is a very bigest forest in Soon Valley area.

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Khabeki Lake

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Ochali Lake

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Irrigation in Soon Valley

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Soon Valley Ogali Village

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Jahlar Lake Soon Valley

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Soon Valley Sunset View

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Cauliflower Field in Khotaka (Soon Valley)


Khushab is situated between Sargodha and Mianwali, near the river Jhelum. The district is headquartered at Jauharabad (founded 1953, pop. 39,477).

This distt. is full of natuaral beauty containing Jhelum River,Fields,Mountains(Skaisar) and Thal desert.Its important towns included Quaida-bad,Jauhara-bad,Mithtawana,Nowshera.

Jauharabad is beautiful city for residence having wide roads and rate is increasing in Khushab distt.Top Schools and colleges included are Fauji Foundation Khushab,DPS Khushab,The educators Jauharabad.Now there is a campus of Arid University in Khushab.

Neighbour cities are Sargodha,Mianwali,Bhakher,Jhelum and Jhang.

The soon valley sakasir is one of the beautiful area of Diss. Khushab.

There is three beautiful lakes(Ochali. Khabbaki. Sodhi jay wali) and a beautiful Garden Kanhatti Garden near Khabbaki village. Here is a very bigest forest in Disst. khushab soonvalley area.

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People and Culture

Places to visit Khabikki Lake Khabikki Lake is a salt water lake in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Earlier its water was brackish. Now the water is sweet and a Chinese breed of fish is introduced in it.

The lake is one kilometer wide and two kilometres long. Khabikki is also the name of a neighbouring village. Boats are also available and there is a rest house beside the lake. A hill gently ascended on the right side of the lake. The lake and the green area around provide a good scenery.

Uchhali is a salt water lake in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Sakaser (1522 metre / 4946 feet), the highest mountain in the Salt Range, looms over the lake. Due to its brackish water the lake is lifeless. But it offers a picturesque scenery.

Sakaser Sakaser is the highest mountain in the Salt Range area in Pothohar in Pakistan. It is 1522 metre / 4946 feet high. It is situated in Khushab District but it can be seen from adjoining districts of Mianwali and Chakwal.

Uchhali Lake is just below it. It is a good picnic spot and moderately tough walking point. At its top there is a radar.

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The Tribes

The population of the district is comprised of many tribes including:

  • Hashmi Sadat-Decendents of Bahauddin Zakariyya Multani(Syeds of Pail-Piran)
  • Awan
  • Sangha - [MALIKS]
  • Tiwana
  • Lilla (Malik)
  • Naichs (Maliks)
  • Baghoors
  • Parachas
  • Belals (Maliks)
  • Syeds (Hamdanis)
  • Baloachs
  • Janjauas
  • Mangat
  • Bandials
  • Utras
  • Saggus
  • Chheenas
  • Sheikhs
  • Maikens
  • Joyia (Malik)
  • Rahdaris
  • Jasras
  • Waghras
  • Kharas
  • Doodhas
  • Baggahs
  • Kalus
  • Boranas
  • Doohns
  • Majoka(Malik)

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Villages of Khushab tehsil are are Kund, Hadali, Daiwal(the hub of the Sanghas), Mitha Tiwana, Hassan Pur Tiwana (Hamoka), Bola, Roda, Parachagan, Jalalpur Syedan Hamdania, Mohib-Pur, Girot, Nali Nari, Khatha, Padhrar Dhak, Khhotakka, Bansi, Balwal, Pail-Piran,Jaba, Khabeki, Mardwal, Nowshera, Anga and Kufri. Villages in Tehsil Noor Pur Thal are Noor Pur, Adhi Sargil, Adhi Kot, Chan, Rangpur Baghoor, Jamali, Rahdari, Mehmood Shaheed, Shahwala, Shah Hussain, Boranawala, Palowan, Kalwal, Sidha, Maiken, Bambool, Jara, Jharkil, Nawan Saggu, Dhamak, Nikro Shaheed, Katimar, Obhal, Khai Majoka, Jatooi, Billand and Pelovanis. Villages in Tehsil Quaidabad are Choa, Warchcha, Okhali Mohla, Gunjayal, Mitha Kho, Bandiyal, Jabbi Sharif (the main Village of Daman Mohar), 14MB, Goleywali and Namewali, Majoka.

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Khushab consists of agricultural lowland plains, lakes, and hills. Parts of the Thal desert touch the district and the Jhelum runs alongside it making it highly fertile for agriculture. The district is rich in natural resources (salt & coal). Most people are associated with farming and agriculture.One third of the district is hilly and is dominated by Awans and other minor tribes. Since there is no agriculture in the area, this part of Khushab district has been favoured by governments since British times as being fertile ground for armed services recruitment - a majority of the population from this area goes into the armed forces. The other two parts are irrigated lands between Khushab and Quaiadabad and the desert area of tehsil noorpur thal. This desert area is the beginning of large Thal desert that continues into India's Rajhistan. In the 1980s the district was classified as a tax relief zone for new industries. This led to the establishment of many industries including cement, sugar, and textiles. But this exist only in the Headquarter (Jauharabad) so the benefits are getting the Elite ones. Masses have still a very hard life.

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The Thal Desert

The Thal desert is a dry desert with scarce vegetation — mostly thorny bushes — over a breadth of 70 miles and is situated between the Indus river and the Jhelum river. But in Thal the people are very poor because the whole land is arid and depends upon the weather condition. They cultivate grains only. Most illiterate area in Punjab Province. Noor Pur Thal has ten Union councils but you can hardly find good schools or other basic necessities of life there. Thal desert is basically is a triangle between the districts of Khushab, Bhakkar, Mianwali, Jhang, Leyiha and Muzzafargarh. Mostly the area is arid the people are very poor. Thal has very hot days and pleasant nights.

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The Soon Valley

The Soon Valley is the cultural hub of Awan tribe. The heirline of the Awan tribe reaches a common ancestor Qutab Shah who supposedly lived here, so the valley holds a special meaning to the tribe. One of the villages of the soon valley namely Pail_piran is inhabited by the decendents od Bahauddin Zakkarya Multani,and are Hashmite Sadats(Syeds),who's ancestor Pir Khawja Noori son of Pir Ali Qatal made many people of region embrace Islam.Pirs of Pail-Piran are closely related to Pirs of Bhera sharif and Pir the Khara.Few leading personalities of Pail-Piran included Pir Nowbahar Shah,dr.Pir Walayat Shah(Dr.Wali Pir),Pir Kalu Shah,and lately Dr.Syed Wajid H.Pirzada.Mazar of Pir Khawja Noori is located in Pail-piran.The Soon Valley is important as a hill station after Murree in the province of Punjab. The valley has beautiful lakes and gardens.

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Politics of the region

The Tiwana family has dominated politics in Khushab, mainly because they are scattered over most of the plains of the district while other tribes are more concentrated in the valleys and the mountains. In the Soon Valley politics centred Pir Nowbahar Shah of Pail-Piran during his life time.Hos other contemporaries were Malik Shahnawaz of Khabaki and Malik hayyat of Jabba.

The leader of Tiwana party, Malik Khuda Buksh Tiwana, was Chairman of Sargodha district before Khushab became a district. He then served as the first Chairman of Khushab. Later he became Provincial minister and was also elected as MNA. His younger brothers Malik Ghulam Mohammad Tiwana, Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana and Malik Saif Ullah Tiwana also are famous political figures.

Malik Ghulam Mohammad Tiwana is Zila Nazim of Khushab and has served Khushab as member, National Assembly and member, Provincial Assembly defeating Shakir Bashir Awan and Shuja Khan (candidate from PML-Q).

Malik Ghulam Rasool Sangha is the Thesil Nazim of Thesil Khushan. He belongs to the Awan family from Daiwal. He was elected Tehsil Nazim by defeating Haroon Bandial and Malik Mukhtar.

Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana was the first Zila Nazim of Khushab and is now the President of the Pakistan Muslim League in there. Saif Tiwana is the serving MNA.

The Tiwana party is widely known as the Awami group and have a very strong allegiance in the whole district unlike other political groups, whose popularity is confined to certain specific areas like Awans in Padhrar and the Maliks in Soon valley.

Malik Karam Bakhsh Awan of Padhrar was the famous person of the area. He founded Tanzeem-ul-Awan for the betterment of Awans. He provided his own land for the establishment of Government College Naushera.

Malik Naeem Khan was another important personality and an influential politician. He worked very hard for the development of Soon Valley.

Other famous people of the Khushab district include the sitting federal minister Sumaira Malik, Brigadier Muhammad Nazar Tiwana followed by his younger cousin brother Brigadier Muhammad Azam Tiwana and Major Ahmed Khan Tiwana (Shaheed - Kargil 1999), Tamgha-e-Basalat.

Malik Muhammad Waris Kalu is also a very important figure of the area he belongs to the desert area and very popular among the poor masses. He always love to do work for the people in Thal Desert. Malik Saleh Muhammad Gunjial MPA.(Ex Minister of Punjab).

One of the famous young political personalty is Malik Tahir Raza Baghoor , he is emerging leader of baghoor family in Tehsil Noor Poor Thal , this young person inherted politics from his family , in recent local body election , this young person lost his tehsil nazim election on toss .

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Prominent Politicians of Khushab

  • Ex Ministers
  • Malik Naeem Khan Awan:-Ex Federal Minister
  • Malik KhudaBuksh Tiwana Ex Provincial Minister
  • Present MNA's
  • Malik Shakir Bashir Awan -A young political leader- MNA NA -70
  • Miss Sumaira Malik MNA NA-69
  • Ex - MNA's
  • Malik Umar Aslam Awan:-Ex-MNA.
  • Sardar Shujah Khan Baloch:-Ex-MNA
  • Malik Saif Ullah Tiwana:-Ex-MNA
  • Present MPA's
  • Mailik Muhammad Asif Bha MPA PP-41
  • Malik Karam Ellahi Bandial MPA PP-40
  • Malik Muhammad Waris Kallu MPA PP-42
  • Malik Javid Iqbal Awan MPA PP-39
  • Ex - MPA's
  • Capt. Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Ex-MPA
  • Malik Muhammad Azam Advocat Ex-MPA (Sleeping permanently after that)
  • Malik Saleh Muhammad Gunjial:- Ex MPA
  • Malik Khuda Baksh Wadhal:- Ex MPA
  • Present District Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad Tiwana :-District Nazim
  • Ex - District Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana:- Ex - District Nazim
  • Ex - Chairman of District Khushab
  • Malik Ameer Mukhtar Sangha Awan:- Ex Chairman of District Khb.
  • Present Naib Zila Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Atta Ullah Gunjial:- Naib Zila Nazim
  • Ex - Naib Zila Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Shakir Bashir Awan:- Ex - Naib Zila Nazim
  • Present Tehsil Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Ghulam Rasool Sangha Awan:- Tehsil Nazim Khushab
  • Ex - Tehsil Nazim, Khushab
  • Malik Ayub Bha, Ex- Tehsil Nazim Khushab
  • Present Tehsil Nazim, Noorpur Thal
  • Malik Said Rasool Salhal:- Tehsil Nazim, Noorpur Thal
  • Present Naib Tehsil Nazim, Khushab
  • Muhammad Yar:- Naib Tehsil Nazim Khushab
  • Present Naib Tehsil Nazim, Noorpur Thal
  • Muhammad Khan Borana:- Naib Tehsil Nazim, Noorpur Thal
  • Ex - Naib Tehsil Nazim, Noorpur Thal
  • Malik Tahir Raza Baghoor :Ex Naib Tehsil Nazim Noorpur Thal

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Education In Khushab

There are many schools in the area mostly Secondary or Higher Secondary Education institutions. Students have to go to the other cities for higher education and further education. The literacy rate of Khushab is about 65% and due to recent research projects in the area, the literacy rate is increasing.

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Main Villages

  • Jauhar Abad
  • Daiwal
  • Jabbi Sharif
  • Padhrar
  • Tiba Qaim Din
  • Hadali
  • Mitha Tiwana
  • Hamokah
  • Noor Pur Thal
  • Qaid Abad
  • Dhak Janjua
  • kufri
  • kalyal
  • Pail-Piran
  • Chanki
  • Rahdari
  • Shahwala
  • Mehmood Shaheed
  • Bambool
  • Jara
  • katimar
  • Shah Hussain
  • Adhi Kot
  • Rangpur Baghoor
  • Girot+Mohibpur
  • Billand
  • Pelovanis
  • Namewali
  • Majoka

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Main Towns

  • Satellite Town Khushab
  • Satellite Town Jauharabad
  • New Satellite Town Jauharabad
  • Model Town jauhurabad
  • civil lines jauharabad
Note: The District Government Official Website is Under Construction.